តោះ រៀន​បកប្រែភាសាអង់គ្លេសស្តី​​អំពី​ការ​នាំ​ចេញ​អង្ករ!

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ថ្ងៃ​នេះ​យើងខ្ញុំ សូម​នាំ​មិត្ត​អ្នក​អាន​សិក្សា​អត្ថបទ​​ថ្មី​មួយ​ដែល​និយាយ​អំពី​ការ​នាំ​ចេញ​អង្ករ​​នៅ​ទ្វីប​អាស៊ី។ ​នៅផ្នែកខាងក្រោម​នៃអត្ថបទ មាន​ពាក្យ​ និង​ឃ្លា​ពិបាកៗ ដែលយើងបានបករួចហើយ។ ​


​Asia rice buyers turn to Vietnam


BANGKOK (Reuters) – Buyers of Asian rice turned to Vietnam this week as prices remained firm in Thailand and India, traders said on Thursday.


Thai benchmark five percent broken rice edged up to $387-$392 a tonne, free-on-board (FOB) Bangkok, from $380-$390 last week.


“Some ships are still loading,” said a trader in Bangkok. Thai prices went up last week as exporters rushed to fill shipments amid a slow off-season harvest.


Prices are expected to remain high for the next one to three weeks, traders said.


Trade will likely stay subdued as rice-consuming countries in the Middle East prepare to observe the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, during which Muslims around the world will be fasting.


Ramadan begins on May 26 and ends on June 24 this year.


Thailand’s Commerce Ministry said yesterday it will hold the second state auction of the year on May 24 for 1.82 million tonnes of rice.


Vietnam’s five percent broken rice was quoted at $355-360 a tonne, FOB Saigon, up from $350-$352 last Thursday on more active trade.


“Thai prices increased further, so importers turned to Vietnamese rice,” said a Ho Chi Minh City-based trader.


Vietnam shipped an estimated 1.84 million tonnes of the grain between January and April, down 8.8 percent from the same period last year.


Thailand and Vietnam are the world’s second and third biggest rice exporters.


In India, the world’s biggest rice exporter, prices of five percent broken parboiled rice were steady at $394-$399 a tonne this week as export demand remained weak amid a rally in local paddy prices.


“Overseas buyers are not ready to pay more than $390 and Indian exporters couldn’t cut prices due to rising paddy prices,” said an exporter based at Kakinada in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh.


“Buyers are shifting to other producers like Vietnam.” Local paddy prices are rising due to limited supplies and aggressive buying by state-run agencies, dealers said.


The Indian government buys rice from local farmers at a fixed price to supply subsidised food and meet any emergency needs such as a sudden spike in prices. An appreciating rupee is also making it difficult for exporters to reduce prices, said another exporter based in Kakinada.


The rupee has risen more than 5 percent so far in 2017, trading near its highest level in 21 months. A stronger rupee trims returns of exporters. India mainly exports non-basmati rice to African countries and premier basmati rice to the Middle East. Bangladesh said this week it will import 600,000 tonnes of rice, parts of which will be from the world’s top three exporters through government-to-government deals.


ពាក្យ​ពិបាកៗ៖


prices remained firm: តម្លៃ​នៅ​ទ្រឹង​


benchmark (ន) ស្ដង់ដារ​ ​ឬ​ ខ្នាតគំរូ (គេ​យក​ធ្វើ​គោល​ក្នុង​ការ​វាសវែង​​អ្វី​មួយ) ​


edged up (កិ) ​បាន​កើនឡើង​


FOB — Free On Board (ន) ដោយ​ឥត​គិត​ថ្លៃ​នៅ​លើ​នាវា​ (ការ​ទទួល​ខុស​ត្រូវ​របស់​អ្នក​លក់​បញ្ចប់​និង​បាន​ចាប់​ផ្តើ​ម​បន្ទាប់​ពី​អ្នក​ទិញ​ទំនិញ​ដែល​ត្រូវ​បាន​ផ្ទុក​នៅ​លើ​​នាវា​​។ នេះ​គឺ​​សម្រាប់​ការ​ដឹក​ជញ្ជូន​តាម​សមុទ្រ​ប៉ុណ្ណោះ)


load (កិ) ផ្ទុក​ឬ​ដាក់​ទំនិញ


trader (ន) ឈ្មួញ​​ជួយដូរ


went up (កិ) បាន​កើន​ឡើង


harvest (ន) រដូវ​ប្រមូល​ផល​


rice-consuming countries (ន) បណ្ដា​ប្រទេស​នាំ​ចូល​អង្ករ


exporter (ន) ក្រុមហ៊ុន​នាំ​ចេញ​


importer (ន) ក្រុមហ៊ុន​នាំ​ចូល​


fast (កិ) តម​អាហារ​


the Middle East (ន) តំបន់​មជ្ឈិមបូព៌ា


auction (ន) ការ​ដេញ​ថ្លៃ​


parboiled rice (ន) អង្ករ​ចំហុយ​


paddy (ន)​ ស្រូវ​


aggressive buying (ន) ការ​ទិញ​យ៉ាង​ច្រើន​សន្ធឹក​សន្ធាប់​


subsidised (គុ) ដែល​ជួយ​ឧបត្ថម្ភ​ធន ឬ​ដែល​​ឱ្យ​ជំនួយ​ ​


emergency needs (ន) តម្រូវ​ការ​ចំបាច់​


sudden spike in prices (ន) ការ​កើន​ឡើង​ថ្លៃ​យ៉ាង​គំហុក​ភ្លាមៗ​


appreciating rupee (គុ) រូបិយប័ណ្ណ​រូពី​ដែល​ឡើង​ថ្លៃ


trim (កិ) កាត់​បន្ថយ​​ ឬ​តម្រឹម​


basmati rice (ន) អង្ករ​បាស្មាទី (អង្ករ​ឥណ្ឌា)


government-to-government deals (ន) កិច្ច​ព្រមព្រៀង​រវាង​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​និង​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​


មាន​អ្នក​ណា​ចង់​រៀន​បក​ប្រែ និង​ស្វែង​យល់​ពី​វិស័យ​សារព័ត៌មាន​ផ្នែក​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​​ទេ?


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